Town of Elon Census 2020 Graphic

The United States Census is a federal initiative occurring every 10 years, which counts the number of people living in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, American Somoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). The Census occurs every 10 years and began in 1790. The official Census Day is April 1, 2020.

Frequently Asked Questions from NC Census 2020
What is the decennial census?

The U.S. Constitution requires a Census every 10 years to determine the number of Congressional seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives. As the most reliable picture of the population, Census data provides the basis for distributing more than $675 billion in federal funds annually to communities across the country to support vital programs—impacting housing, education, transportation, employment, health care, and public policy. Data are also used to redraw the boundaries of congressional and state legislative districts, as well as other local and state political boundaries.

Why is the Census Important?
The Census is mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution to enumerate U.S. residents. The primary purpose of the Census, as mandated in the Constitution, is to determine how seats in the U.S. House of Representatives are apportioned among the states but it also guides billions in federal funding to communities as well as emergency preparedness, school construction, housing development, and job markets.Responding to the Census, like jury duty, is mandatory and a civic duty.   Being counted in the Census affects the amount of funding your community receives, how your community plans for the future, and your representation in government.Census data is used to bring over $675 billion of your tax dollars back to your community. Funding for health care programs (Medicaid and Medicare), infrastructure programs (Highway Planning and Construction Grants and Community Development Block Grants), child services (Foster Care, Title I Education Grants, National School Lunch Program), and more rely on Census data. Census data is also used to support preparation for local planning for schools, roads, water/sewer, and electric needs.  Businesses use Census data to determine where to place stores, assess potential workforce, and evaluate markets. Future funding and planning in your community depend on accurate Census data.

Responding to the Census
Q: Who is counted in the Census?

Everyone. The Census counts everyone living in the United States, regardless of citizenship status or age.

Q: When will I complete the Census? 

Census notices will be mailed in mid-March 2020, and you can respond online as soon as you get your Census notice. Census Bureau enumerators will begin visiting households that have not responded yet in mid-April 2020. You will be able to respond three ways: online, by phone, and by mail. Click here for more information.

Q: How can I respond?

The 2020 Census is the first U.S. Census to allow response by smartphone or online. You can choose to respond by phone or by traditional paper questionnaire. Census forms will be available in 12 languages, and Census support and assistance will be available in 59 languages, American Sign Language, braille, and large print.

More information on the census can be found by visiting the following links:

For Elon University Students, please visit this site: